"A brownout is less serious than a blackout in the sense that it is merely a short voltage reduction and not a complete loss of power. Brownouts can be intentionally used by network operators to temporarily accommodate increased demand. Brownouts can however damage special equipment used in industrial processes that require stable power flows."


Commission Staff Working Document, Accompanying the document Report from the Commission, Interim Report of the Sector Inquiry on Capacity Mechanisms {C(2016) 2107 final}, 13.4.2016 SWD(2016) 119 final, p. 59