National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) are the centrepiece of the Energy Union Governance Regulation (Chapter 2 of the Regulation). The Regulation envisages national and EU registries and inventories on greenhouse gas emissions for the post-2020 period as a means to assess progress in meeting the goals of the Paris Climate Change Agreement




The EU Member States are required to develop ten-year plans that detail national objectives for each of the five dimensions of the Energy Union along with corresponding policies and measures to meet those objectives, all of which should be geared toward the collective achievement of the Energy Union’s targets. The NECPs are intended to further the stability, transparency and predictability of national policies and measures in order to ensure investment certainty.

The first plan covers the period 2021 to 2030 (it had to be notified to the European Commission by 31 December 2019). The subsequent ten-year plan should be notified to the Commission by 1 January 2029.

Each NECP should be developed according to a longer-term strategy of 30 to 50 years, in line with the long-term ambitions of the Energy Union. NECPs must present the current national energy system and policy situation across the five dimensions and develop the ten-year national plan accordingly. The national objectives, targets and contributions must be set on the basis of the achievement of the 2020 nationally binding targets.

clip2   Links


National energy and climate plans (NECPs), European Commission's website

The plans must provide:

  • an overview of the process and assessments through which their projections have been made, including a description of the public consultation and involvement of stakeholders, and the steps taken toward regional cooperation with other Member States in preparing the plan;
  • a general overview of the appropriate financing at national and regional level and the investment required to achieve these results and the sources of that investment;
  • a calculation of the impact of the planned policies and measures across the five dimensions in accordance with the Energy Union’s objectives, including the long-term greenhouse gas emission reduction objectives of the Paris Agreement and long-term Energy Union strategies, as well as evaluate the impact of these steps on competitiveness;
  • an annex which shall map the Member State’s methodologies and policy measures for achieving the energy savings requirements in accordance with Article 7 of the recast Energy Efficiency Directive (EU) 2018/2002;

Plans must also assess the level of energy poverty in its national context and, where necessary, outline policies and measures which will address it as well as include an indicative national objective based on EU guidelines to reduce energy poverty. Each Member State must follow a standardised template as step out in Annex 1 to the Governance Regulation - to ensure that all national plans are sufficiently comprehensive and to facilitate the comparison and aggregation of the  NECPs. According to Article 3 of the Governance Regulation each Member State must make its submitted integrated national energy and climate plan publicly available.

Both plans and reports must use must also gain early input from the European Commission. 



chronicle   Regulatory chronicle


11 January 2024


Eurelectric review of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)


24 October 2023


National Energy and Climate Plans Progress Reports’ technical assessment, SWD(2023) 646 final



IMG 0744   Documentation 




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