'Environmentally sustainable investment' is defined in Article 2(1) of the Regulation (EU) 2020/852 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2020 on the establishment of a framework to facilitate sustainable investment, and amending Regulation (EU) 2019/2088 (Taxonomy Regulation) as an investment in one or several economic activities that qualify as environmentally sustainable under the Taxonomy Regulation.
The Taxonomy Regulation in Recital 19 explains that a common concept of environmentally sustainable investment should be used when introducing requirements at national and European Union level regarding financial market participants or issuers for the purpose of labelling financial products or corporate bonds that are marketed as environmentally sustainable.
Interactions with MiFID II
Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2021/1253 of 21 April 2021 amending Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/565 as regards the integration of sustainability factors, risks and preferences into certain organisational requirements and operating conditions for investment firms include, among other things, a requirement that EU MiFID II portfolio managers and advisers ask their clients about their “sustainability preferences”, and then comply with such preferences when making decisions or providing advice.
After the amendment the term “sustainability preferences” is defined in Article 2(7) of Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/565 as a client’s or potential client’s choice as to whether and, if so, to what extent, one or more of the following financial instruments shall be integrated into his or her investment:
(a) a financial instrument for which the client or potential client determines that a minimum proportion shall be invested in environmentally sustainable investments (as defined in Article 2(1) of the Taxonomy Regulation);
(b) a financial instrument for which the client or potential client determines that a minimum proportion shall be invested in sustainable investment (as defined in Article 2(17) of SFDR);
(c) a financial instrument that considers principal adverse impacts on sustainability factors, where qualitative or quantitative elements demonstrating that consideration are determined by the client or potential client.